edited by P. J. S. Olney, G.M. Mace and A. T. C. Feistner
1994 first edition
A compilation of articles encompassing and extending the topics discussed at the Sixth World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species held in 1992. With contributions from many leading experts from conservation organisations, universities and zoos.
The question of the relationship between breeding endangered species in captivity and preserving and managing habitat and species in the wild is crucial to the long-term success of conservation programmes. How the captive breeding community relates to the wild, what is needed to ensure species and habitats survive and how to contribute in the future are all uppermost in the minds of those concerned to see successful outcomes to conservation efforts.
This issue was addressed at the Sixth World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species, with its theme ‘the Roles of Zoos in Global Conservation’, held in Jersey in 1992. This book is the result of deliberations of that important meeting. However, it is more than just conference proceedings. The editors and contributors have further developed the key issues tackled at the conference and the resulting chapters in this book represent an update on successes and developments. It will therefore be of vital interest to all those concerned with these issues.
Via contributions from many leading experts this book presents a full review of the biological, logistical and economic concerns that exist in all efforts to manage populations. Future objectives are also given and pertinent case studies illustrate the successes and frustrations encountered. This book is a major contribution to the debate about the interactive management of populations of animals under threat of extinction.
Part One – General Issues
1. Species extinctions, endangerment and captive breeding
2. The effective use of flagship species for conservation of biodiversity: the example of lion tamarins in Brazil
3. Meta-populations: is management as flexible as nature?
4. Species differences and population structure in population viability analysis
5. Molecular genetics of endangered species
6. Evolutionary biology, genetics and the management of endangered primate species
7. Reproductive technologies
8. The role of environmental enrichment in the captive breeding and reintroduction of endangered species
9. Disease risks associated with wildlife translocation projects
10. Legalities and logistics of meta-population management
11. Training in zoo biology: two approaches to enhance the conservation role of zoos in the tropics
Part Two – Reintroduction and Captive Breeding
12. Reintroduction as a reason for captive breeding
13. Reintroduction of captive-born animals
14. Criteria for reintroductions
15. Development of coordinated genetic and demographic breeding programmes
16. Conservation Assessment and Management Plans (CAMPs) and Global Captive Action Plans (GCAPs)
Part Three – Case Studies
17. Invertebrate propagation and re-establishment programmes: the conservation and education potential for zoos and related institutions
18. Captive breeding programmes and their role in fish conservation
19. The role of captive breeding in the conservation of Old World fruit bats
20. Captive breeding, reintroduction and the conservation of canids
21. The recovery of the angonoka (Geochelone yniphora) ― an integrated approach to species conservation
22. Is the Hawaiian goose (Branta sandvicensis) saved from extinction?
23. The extinction in the wild and reintroduction of the California condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
24. The captive breeding and conservation programme of the Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi)
25. An experimental reintroduction programme for bush-tailed phascogales (Phascogale tapoatafa): the interface between captivity and the wild
26. Coordinating conservation for the drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus): endangered in forest and zoo
27. Reintroduction of the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes)
Part Four – Regional Approaches
28. Threatened endemic mammals of the Philippines: an integrated approach to the management of wild and captive populations
29. Interface between captive and wild populations of New Zealand fauna
30. The potential for captive breeding programmes in Venezuala ― efforts between zoos, government and non-governmental organizations
31. Species conservation priorities in Vietnam and the potential role of zoos