Birds of Two Worlds

The ecology and evolution of migration


edited by Russell Greenberg and Peter P. Marra

Shelfmark: BL/MI/029

This book is organised into seven main sections beginning with the evolution of migration systems, and progressing through the adaptions for seasonal movements, biogeography, connectivity, migration itself, and behavioral ecology through to population ecology. Each section has an overview followed by contributions by specialists on specific topics.


For centuries biologists have tried to understand the underpinnings of avian migration: where birds go and why, why some migrate and some do not, how they adapt to a changing environment,  and how migratory systems evolve. Twenty-five years ago the answers to many of these questions were addressed by a collection of migration experts in Keast and Morton’s classic work Migrant Birds in the Neotropics.  In 1992, Hagan and Johnston published a follow-up book, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Now Birds of Two Worlds completes the trilogy.

Russell Greenberg and Peter Marra bring together the world’s experts on avian migration to discuss its ecology and evolution. The contributors move the discussion of migration to a global stage, looking at all avian migration systems and delving deeper into the evolutionary foundations of migratory behavior. Readers interested in the biology, behavior, ecology, and evolution of birds have waited a decade to see a worthy successor to the earlier classics. Birds of Two Worlds will be indispensable for ornithologists, evolutionary biologists, serious birders, and public and academic libraries.



Part 1: Evolution of migration systems

1. The paleoecology and fossil history of migratory landbirds
2. Molecular approaches to the evolution and ecology of migration
3. Siberian migratory divides
4. Inter- and intrapopulation migration patterns
5. Predicting migratory behavior in landbirds

Part 2: Adaptations for two worlds

6. Migration takes guts
7. To be a migrant
8. Ecology and demography of east-west differences in molt scheduling of neotropical migrant passerines
9. Food limitation among wintering birds
10. Behavioral and cognitive adaptations to long-distance migration

Part 3: Biogeography

11. Ecological and biogeographical aspects of the distribution of migrants versus residents in Europe and North American forest bird communities
12. Influence of migrants on temperate bird communities
13. Old world versus new world long-distance migration in accipiters, buteos and falcons
14. Seasonal distribution and ecology of South American  austral migrant flycatchers
15. The temporal and spatial structure of the atmosphere and its influence on bird migration strategies

Part 4: Connectivity

16. The importance of understanding migratory connectivity and seasonal interactions
17. Migrants and their parasites
18. Molecular genetic approaches to linking breeding and overwintering areas in five neotropical migrant passerines
19. Flying fingerprints

Part 5: Migration itself

20. Stopover ecology of intercontinental migrants
21. Fuel storage rates before northward flights in red knots worldwide
22. Individual migratory tactics of new world catharus thrushes
23. Hormones and variation in life history strategies of migratory and nonmigratory birds

Part 6: Behavioral ecology

24. Sex roles in migrants
25. Spring molt constraints versus winter territoriality
26. Ecological correlates of wintering social systems in new world and old world migratory passerines
27. Correlated evolution of ecological differences among the old world leaf warblers in the breeding and nonbreeding seasons

Part 7: Population ecology

28. Modeling seasonal interactions in the population dynamics of migratory birds
29. Using remote sensing data to identify migration and wintering areas and to analyze effects of environmental conditions on migratory birds
30. How do migration and dispersal interact?
31. Does winter food limit populations of migratory birds?
32. Long-term demographic trends, limiting factors, and the strength of density depentdence in a bredding population of a migratory songbird
33. The renaissance of migratory bird biology


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